Most European Member States have already set a limit value for RCS. Will Member States with lower or higher limit values will have to modify their OEL?

The European Binding Limit Value provides the highest allowed level, Member States cannot set higher OELs. Member States are however free to impose more stringent requirements according to their own practices and definitions and lower OELs will remain applicable in the countries where there are set.

The setting of Binding Limit Values (BLV) in the EU is subject to an elaborated tripartite consultation process between Employers, Employees and Member States through the so-called ACSH - Advisory Committee on Safety and Health. Such BLVs take into account the health-based recommendations from hazard/risk assessment bodies, but also socio-economic aspects and technical feasibility. The impact assessment on the revision of the Carcinogens Directive commissioned by the Commission to a consortium led by the Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) in 2011 – the so-called SHECan study -- also concludes that an OEL of 0.1 mg/m³ represents the best cost/benefit ratio.